Birth control Pill Varieties Spelled out

That is an introductory explanation of the various kinds of oral contraceptive pills that could allow you to finally select the one that is most beneficial for your body. 50 years on, we’ve unearthed that the oral contraceptive pill for women still prevents pregnancy if it’s comprised of much lower doses of estrogen and progestin than in early days. ‘The Pill’ used to contain 50-100 micrograms of estrogen and today it includes only 20-35 micrograms, with researchers trying to reduce this amount further to reduce side effects. Synthetic hormones (estrogen/ethinyl estradiol and progestin) used in contraceptive pills mimic the natural hormones (oestrogen and progesterone) produced by the ovaries, adrenal gland and liver.

Estrogen’s main job in a contraceptive pill is to stop ovulation (release of an egg from a woman’s ovary). Progestin in the pill, whilst it does involve some intermittent effect on ovulation (about 50% of the time) is relied on mainly to thicken the mucus across the cervix to avoid sperm from getting to an egg.

Contraceptive Pills can be found in two basic types: single hormone pills (progestin only) and combination hormone pills (estrogen + progestin) Pills are supplied in two basic packs- 28 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills +1 week placebo pills and 21 day pill packs= 3 weeks of active hormone pills with no placebo pills.

PROGESTIN only pills (the ‘mini pill’) do not contain estrogen and just have a small amount of progestin in them. Breastfeeding women in many cases are prescribed these ‘mini pills’ (estrogen might cause a reduction in milk supply) along with women who cannot take synthetic estrogen for medical reasons. Negative effects are less than pills containing estrogen and they’re not connected with cardiovascular disease, however, irregular bleeding /spotting/mood swings may occur. Progestin only pills MUST be used at the same time every day and are affected by vomiting or diarrhoea.This type of contraceptive pill is not afflicted with antibiotics.

COMBINATION PILLS- contain estrogen and progestin and may be further categorized as being Monophasic, Biphasic or Triphasic- so what do these terms mean? Pills are put into these categories based on whether or not the levels of hormones they contain stay the same through the first three weeks of a woman’s menstrual cycle (in 28 day pill packs, the pills for the fourth week in the pack are placebo or ‘reminder pills’ that are inactive and do not contain any hormones)

MONOPHASIC Pill- is one that contains the same number of hormones atlanta divorce attorneys ACTIVE pill so you’re less likely to have mood swings as your hormone levels do not vary much through the month. Popular monophasic pills include:Alesse, Brevicon, Desogen, Levlen, Levlite, Loestrin, Modicon, Nelova, Nordette, Norinyl,Ortho-Cept, Ortho-Cyclen, Ortho-Novum, Ovcon, Yasmin. In 2003 the FDA approved a brand new packaging of a monophasic contraceptive pill called Seasonale. This pill is taken for 91 days, during which no periods occur -so in buy valium online 12 months, women taking this pill will simply have 4 periods (for the first year though, expect the same no. of menstrual days just like a conventional contraceptive pill till your body adjusts)

BIPHASIC PIll- is one that contains different levels of hormones through the pack. These pills alter your hormone levels once through your cycle by increasing the dosage of progestin about halfway during your cycle and are thought to better match your body’s natural production of hormones- they contain smaller doses of hormones as a whole than monophasic pills. However, insufficient evidence has been gathered to favour these pills over monophasic ones, where a lot more reliable data can be obtained so monophasic pills are preferred. Breakthrough bleeding has been reported as a complication with one of these pills. Popular biphasic pills include : Jenest, Mircette, Necon 10/11, Nelova 10/11, Ortho-Novum 10/11. Attempts to decrease unwanted effects resulted in the three-phase pill in the 1980s.

TRIPHASE pill- is one that contains 3 different levels of hormones in the ACTIVE pills over three weeks, i.e. a change in hormone levels within your body occurs every 7 days for the first 3 weeks.. The dose of estrogen is gradually increased and in certain pills, the dose of progestin can be increased. Whether three-phase pills cause fewer pregnancies than two-phase pills is unknown. Nor can it be known if the pills give better cycle control or have fewer side effects. Look for the ‘TRI’ on the label such as for instance:Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Triphasil, Tri-Levlen, Trivora, Tri-Norinyl, other brands include: Cyclessa, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7.

The Best Pill to Take – All contraceptive pills are effective if taken correctly, with combination pills (containing both estrogen and progestin) being more effective compared to the low dose ‘mini pill’ ;.Monophasic pills could be the best to start with since they are cheaper and those with lower levels of estrogen could have fewer unwanted effects (but more breakthrough bleeding)

Always use back up (a condom or diaphragm) for the remaining month if you miss a pill. Trial and error, unwanted effects and speaking with your doctor should allow you to look for a contraceptive pill that suits your body. Pregnancies occur mainly when women forget to take a pill or bring them incorrectly, vomit, get diarrhoea or, in the case of the mini pill, do not take pills at the same time each day. It is very easy to begin a pill packet late if you just forget or if you don’t have the next new packet on hand. The absolute most dangerous time to miss a pill is by the end or beginning of a bundle because it lengthens the pill free gap beyond seven days meaning that you might not have absorbed sufficient synthetic hormones to stop you from ovulating next month.